The history of hunting goes back to prehistoric times, with man using his knowledge and creativity to create weapons and tools designed to bring down even the largest of game. With spears and clubs made of stone and wood, man had to get close to his prey to subdue it. Man took one-step further by inventing the bow and arrow, allowing him to kill prey from a distance, minimizing the risk of injury. As human knowledge grew, more sophisticated hunting implements were developed, including the invention of the hunting crossbow
, and finally, the gun.
The earliest crossbows had its roots in Europe, China, and the Middle East. During ancient times, crossbows were used mainly as implements of war. It is only during recent times that hunting crossbows
were introduced. In North America, hunting crossbows
are use to hunt deer, wild boar, bear, and caribou. In the United States, the uses of hunting crossbows
are subject to regulations, and most states restricting its use only for the handicapped.
Most countries allow hunting of certain game to control overpopulation. However, recent changes in the environment such as climate change are affecting hunting conditions. Man-made forest fires, industrial logging, air pollution, and clearing of forests for development projects are just a few human activities that contribute to the degradation of the environment that, in turn causes climate change.
Man-made forest fires, whether accidental or deliberate, destroys large areas of forests that serve as habitat for a diverse number of plant and animal life. As industrial logging reduces the number of mature trees, it also damages the young ones as the trees crashes through the forest floor. Air pollution contributes to the accumulation of greenhouse gases, raising temperatures and disrupting seasonal patterns. Lastly, clearing of forests destroy watersheds, causing floods and disruption in the water cycle. The combined effects of such activities have made it difficult for hunters to find game in its natural habitat, which is further aggravated by shorter hunting seasons.
The weather, particularly temperature, affects the spread of parasites and pests. Warming temperature makes it possible for disease-carrying insects and parasites to devastate entire animal populations. Excess carbon dioxide diminishes the nutritional value of plants. As a result, big game herds end up dying of malnutrition. Drought caused by climate change forces animal populations to move out of their natural territory to find food, even encroaching on human habitation which pose health and safety risks for both man and animal.
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